Promoting solar energy to fight against immigration


Type of project: Semi public
Region: Kayes
Investment amount (millions CFA francs): 1 690
Investment amount (Euro): 2 576 388
Investment amount (USD): 3 017 857

Promoting solar energy to fight against immigration, rural exodus through the fixation of young SOS
The region of Kayes, a vast enclaved region in the heart of the Sahel, is strongly affected by the adverse consequences of climate change, such as: increased drought, silting and/or drying up of rivers, degradation of cultivable areas, loss of biodiversity, floods, youth migration, etc. In addition to the Climate Change phenomenon, there are other equally worrying human practices, including: unsustainable production and consumption patterns, poor agricultural practices, and insufficient energy sources. The combination of these factors seriously affects the major ecological balances, leading to a serious degradation of natural resources, a drop in agricultural yields and the aggravation of poverty.
The region's energy needs coverage rate is 12% for the urban population and just 2% for the rural population. In industry, there are difficulties of access to credit for economic operators, the lack of a regional structure for promoting investment, insufficient energy production and the high cost of production factors. The low level of savings, due to the extreme poverty of the populations; hoarding (jewels, prestige expenses); and difficulties of access to bank credit, all factors that contribute to encourage the mass departure of young people towards immigration, in order to find a better life. The Kayes region has immense potential for renewable energy resources (10 hours of sunshine in 24) which, if better exploited, could be an alternative for job creation and economic growth in the region. The process of decentralization of Mali began in 1992 with the objectives of local development and the promotion of democracy. Its implementation takes two phases.



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